The theme chosen for the I International Mail Art Biennale Zeca Afonso, organized by the José Afonso Galiza Association (AJA Galiza), focuses on minoritized languages. This should be understood as a term which refers to a language which has been marginalized, persecuted or even prohibited at any time in history, which implies a cut in its use and different problems to its conception as a useful element or as identifier of a collective reality.
Minoritized languages and minority languages are not the same, since the latter only refer to a lack of users. Minoritized languages, however, have seen restricted their possibilities of social use. That is to say, minoritized languages cannot be used as main languages in concrete uses, in comparison to the large possibilities of using that characterize a dominant language. In addition, minoritized languages tend to suffer unilateral bilingualism of speakers, which means that, in practice, these people have in their repertoire the language of their own and even the dominant language, but generally not on the same level. The minoritized linguistic community thus becomes a subset of the dominant and therefore is subordinate to the dominant community and thus is perceived. Works sent to the I International Mail Art Biennale Zeca Afonso should reflect any aspect of this conflicting reality.
The decision to choose this topic has to do with the very reality of Galicia, whose own language is lessened by the pressure of Spanish despite having a great development in the Portuguese speaking countries of the five continents. However, since AJA Galicia, we encourage you sending works that reflect other situations in other parts of the world, being aware that it is a problem that threatens other languages all around.